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Wednesday, November 23, 2022

Welcome to the West Rock Trails website

West Rock Ridge State Park is located in Hamden and New Haven, Connecticut (with small portions in Woodbridge and Bethany). West Rock Ridge is the second largest state park in Connecticut with 1,792 acres of land (and growing).* 
There are many recreational opportunities available at West Rock.

This website has pages arranged by topic. Click on the web page name below or the links at the right to access the page that interests you.

(This website was started on Saturday, Sept. 4, 2010. The most recent update took place Wednesday, Nov. 23, 2022. Despite the domain name, this an informational website, not a blog.)

This zoomed view of the West River Memorial Park, off Route 1 in New Haven, beautifully displays the south face of West Rock. The New Haven Park Department created this channel along the river, likely in part to highlight the view. What the view actually looks like can be seen below.

Regicide Drive Closed to Cars Until Saturday, May 27, 2023
The gate to the main entrance at 1134 Wintergreen Ave., New Haven closed for the season to cars on Sunday, Oct. 31, 2022.
This means that walkers, hikers, and cyclists can enjoy a car-free experience as they use Regicide Drive leading to Judges Cave and the South Overlook. Those looking to hike up from the main entrance can find nearby parking on adjacent side streets or at the West Rock Nature Center.
The road reopens to cars on Saturday, May 27, 2023, which is the Saturday of Memorial Day weekend.

Regicides Trail and Sanford Feeder Trail Reblazing Complete
The Regicides Trail has been reblazed, effective Nov. 8, 2022, a project that started on July 11, 2022. I spent 60 hours on this project with another 15 hours of help from other people. Since the trail is 6.8 miles long, this averages out to slightly more than 10 hours of work per mile of trail.
As part of this process, the trail also received a pruning back of plants growing into the trail, removal of invasive plants, and placement of tree limbs and brush to guide hikers along the trail borders. In sections of this rocky trail, it can be difficult to know where to step and the brush helps keep people on the path.

While working on the trail in October, following recent storms with strong winds, I found several large trees down on the trail, and suspect there are other down on trail sections I have already pruned back and blazed.
North of the Yellow Trail is a 10 inch diameter oak tree that fell the length of the trail. I cut off all the small branches, so the trail is passable and hikers simply need to step over the trunk at one point. Another 10 inch diameter tree fell on the trail north of the junction with the Red Trail and is an easy step over. A third 10 inch diameter tree (an oak) fell across the Regicides Trail on the first part of the ascent to the Quinnipiac Trail. With help from other volunteers, we cut and removed a five-inch diameter maple tree that the oak knocked down. The tree is easily stepped over. Finishing off this clearing involves bringing in a chainsaw, which may not happen for some time.
The work has also involved cutting back and uprooting invasive plants along Baldwin Drive. Suspects along the road include bittersweet vines, the autumn olive shrub, barberry, and winged euonymus.

By comparison, the Sanford Feeder Trail pruning back and reblazing only took four hours. Why the difference? The Sanford Feeder is an old road, which has a well defined path. As a result, there is no need to place brush to define the trail. There was little pruning to do, other than the open section by the culvert that gets plenty of sun and heavy growth as a result. This is about the only section of that trail that is affected by invasive plants. There were two blowdowns to clear, tree crowns that were projecting onto the trail.

I know about the 15-inch diameter oak tree that fell across the White Trail at the junction with Purple-White. I hope to get a volunteer with a chainsaw to clear it in the near future. In the meantime, it is easy to slide over or walk around. 

West Rock Vistas page added
A page describing the vistas to visit at West Rock has been published on Thursday, July 20, 2022 and was updated on Aug. 8, 2022 with further details and many photos. This page lists all the major viewpoints, where to find them, and how to reach them. View the page at:

State Website Updated
The state website for West Rock has been updated, using text this trail maintainer submitted to provide greater detail about the park, including improved directions. 
West Rock page:
A revised trail map is still in the works, as there have been changes since the last map update in 2016. I have asked the state to update the map more than two years ago, and that is in process, but I do not know when the new map will be posted.
Before heading out into the woods, be sure to download a map of West Rock from the state website. Keep in mind that the trail marked Gold on the current map is now blazed Blue-White. 
Link to the GPS friendly map, which can be used on a smart phone:

Old Oak Nature Trail Map Posted
Common Ground High School, located on the east side of West Rock Ridge, maintains the 0.8 mile long Old Oak Nature Trail, which loops through its property up toward Regicides Drive. The trail overlaps a portion of the Red Trail and the Teal Trail. The trail is blazed White with a Red Diamond. The school has posted a copy of the updated map on its website.
The first link is the entire map.
The next two links are for the two parts, allowing someone to download and print it.

Sky's the Limit Hiking Challenge
The Lake Wintergreen area of West Rock Ridge State Park is one of 20 state parks and forests included in the 2022 Sky's the Limit Hiking Challenge. The challenge "promotes hiking and walking in Connecticut’s State Parks and Forests," according to the official website. For West Rock, participants need to walk the loop around the lake on the Red and White Trails.
Those who hike/walk 15 of the 20 featured trails will receive a “Sky’s the Limit” hiking staff medallion and a certificate. Of those who hike all 20 locations, 50 participants will receive a hand-carved hiking staff made by the state sawyer, chosen by random drawing of names.
The names of the 20 locations, including details of how to participate, are listed at this website:

Tick Season Continues
As we move into cooler weather, ticks are still on the move, so take all necessary precautions. This includes wearing long pants tucked into socks and long sleeves. Spray your clothing with the spray of your choice. I use and recommend picairdin containing sprays, as they are effective as DEET without the potential for chemical side effects. Check yourself for ticks during and after your hike. Stay on trails and away from the sides. West Rock has plenty of wide trails, plus the roads, where it is easy to stay away from the brush along the side.

Don't Create Illegal Trails or Cut Across Switchbacks
Managing user behavior is a continuing challenge in parks as people wander off trail and leave a dirt path in their wake, killing any plants living there. This can take the form of people who who create new, unauthorized trails, cut across switchbacks, or take a shortcut through the woods.
Illegal trails have been sprouting at West Rock, with volunteers blocking off four of them. I am not describing their location because I do not want people to seek them to explore or uncover them. Blocking off trails is time consuming work that takes away from other trail projects.
Although they had been in place for only a few months, two of them were showing signs of erosion. I estimate the slope in those areas is 20 percent, which is too steep for a sustainable trail without extensive switchbacking. One of those trails was built by a runner who advertised it on Strava, and agreed to stop using and promoting the trail after being told what he did was illegal.
On an April morning while working on the Regicides Trail, another volunteer and I spent more than an hour blocking off two cut throughs that people had made on a switchback. In this area, the trail flows through two turns, using the natural landscape. The two cut throughs changed a flowing trail into a rock scramble, while also eroding the two cut through spots. To reach this spot involves a hike of several miles, so saving 200 feet of walking is pointless.
Along the Regicides Trail, I have seen places where people cut through the woods, trampling vegetation, and leaving a dirt desert in their wake, to save walking along 100 feet along the trail to where it actually comes out to the road. In one spot, numerous wildflowers were growing next to the dirt path. I imagine flowers once grew in the trampled section. Please stay on the trail!!!
I have also heard a report of bikers cutting trees and building trails with ramps within the park. West Rock is a natural area, not a playground.

Lake Wintergreen Parking Options

If the parking lot at Lake Wintergreen is full, these are some nearby options:

The first is Valerie Court, located only 0.1 miles away toward Wintergreen Avenue.

The other is Wintergreen Elementary School at 670 Wintergreen Avenue, Hamden, near the turn for Main Street, which is a 0.25-mile walk. While there are no sidewalks on either street, there is a flat shoulder to walk adjacent to the road for the short distance. This particularly good for those who are bicycling at the park because it's such a short distance to ride to reach the park.

These are better options to park for cars because there is no risk of being clipped by a passing vehicle trying to squeeze past. For the people exiting the cars, they are not standing in the brush on the passenger side, or in the travel lane on the driver’s side.

The Wintergreen Elementary School building is not actually an elementary school, but is the home to two Hamden Public Schools programs: the Alice Peck Learning Center (an early childhood program) and the Hamden Collaborative Learning Center (an alternative high school).

For those planning on hiking to the South Overlook or Judges Cave, there is plenty of parking behind the New Haven Montessori School, 495 Blake St., at the south end of the park.

People who park at the main entrance may wonder why the parking lot there is always blocked by a chain. That parking lot is owned and operated by the City of New Haven for the West Rock Nature Center. The city keeps the lot closed because when it is open, miscreants will dump items there, rather than bring them to the transfer station. The city had blocked access to most of the other parking lot with jersey barriers for the same reason, but in August 2021, pushed back those barriers to allow more parking.

Blue-White Replaces Gold on Water Tank Trail
The trail color on the trail from Lake Wintergreen to the water tank and up the ridge to Baldwin Drive and the Blue-Blazed Regicides Trail changed to Blue-White from Gold on Aug. 18, 2020. I placed signs at the junction with the Regicides Trail and the White Trail to explain the change. I had permission from the state to make the change and submitted a request to the state parks office to update the West Rock map with this change.
Why the change? When I first blazed the trail in 2010, I needed to select a color because the trail had never been blazed. There are only so many basic colors that it is a challenge to find a color to use at a park like West Rock with so many trails. I chose Gold because it seemed distinct enough from other colors and was not being used at the park.
Over the years, I heard enough people refer to the trail as Yellow that I knew I had to make a change. There is already a Yellow Trail at the park, which connects Mountain Road to Baldwin Drive and the Regicides Trail. For someone hiking on Baldwin Drive or the Regicides Trail, this creates potential confusion.
The solution? Use a different color. Why Blue-White? It's simple. The water tank trail connects the Blue-Blazed Regicides Trail to the White Trail at the base of the ridge. The Blue-White Trail is the most direct connection to the Regicides Trail and Baldwin Drive from Lake Wintergreen, which is the main parking area at West Rock.
On a related note, the tree at the junction of the Blue-White and White Trails that had a sign for the Regicides Trail fell down and the Sanford Feeder Trail sign at the junction with the Regicides Trail was knocked off its tree by another tree that fell on it. I reinstalled the signs on trees in both locations

A fresh Blue-White blaze with a sign explaining the color change from Gold to Blue-White on that trail near the junction with the White Trail on Aug. 18, 2020. The wording is a summary of the explanation written here.

General Information
Trail Descriptions for West Rock
Information for Specific Activities at West Rock
Natural Features at West Rock
Historical Information for West Rock
Trail Maintenance
Hiking and Bicycling Beyond West Rock

The trail descriptions are spread across so many pages to make the information easier to access.

State Parks by Size
* West Rock is 1,792 acres of state owned land, but there are also parcels that are next to the state owned parcels owned by Hamden, New Haven, and the Hamden Historical Society. If these parcels are included, the park is 1,874 acres.

The largest state park by area is Macedonia Brook State Park in Kent with 2,302 acres.
Sleeping Giant is third in size for state parks with 1,673 acres of property. Gay City places fourth in size with 1,569 acres. 
All these state parks are dwarfed Pachaug State Forest in northeastern Connecticut with 28,804 acres, Cockaponset State Forest with 17,186 acres divided among multiple properties in eastern Connecticut, Centennial Watershed State Forest spread over 15,370 acres of current and former watershed land in Fairfield County, Housatonic Meadows in Litchfield County with 10,894 acres, and Meshomasic State Forest, east of the Connecticut River with 9,026 acres.
There are numerous other state forests larger than any state park.

The state of Connecticut continues to add land to West Rock Ridge as it comes on the market (or is donated) and as funds are available for purchase. The legislation that created the park legally requires homeowners within the park's legal boundaries to give the state a right of first refusal for purchase.

What is the difference between a state forest and a state park? There are two basic differences. The state actively manages state forests for both lumber and habitat, cutting areas of trees on a regular basis. The state also allows hunting in state forests, except where they are close to roads and buildings. Hunting is generally prohibited in state parks. One exception is a limited deer hunting season at Colis P. Huntington State Park in Redding/Bethel. The park name is a coincidence, as it was named for its wealthy donor.